Abstract

In this paper we investigate the impact of lean-burn-representative swirl and temperature distortion on the aerothermal performance of fully-cooled high-pressure nozzle guide vanes (NGV) from a modern aero-engine. Experiments were carried out in the Engine Component AeroThermal (ECAT) facility at the University of Oxford. This is a fully-annular warm-flow engine-parts facility, designed to operate at engine-representative conditions of Reynolds and Mach number. Inlet profiles of swirl, turbulence, and non-dimensional total temperature were generated using a non-reacting combustor simulator. The NGV outlet flow was experimentally characterized at three downstream planes in experiments with and without lean-burn-representative inlet conditions. Area-survey measurements included distributions of whirl angle, kinetic energy (KE) loss, and non-dimensional total temperature. Experimental data is compared to CFD simulations. Fully-featured NGV geometry (including film cooling holes and internal passages) was used, to account for internal cooling flow redistribution resulting from altered external loading. We show that lean-burn inlet conditions result in significant surface flow redistribution, relatively high levels of residual swirl in the downstream flow, and a small increase of integrated KE loss.

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