Radiation heat transfer affects natural convection of air inside an open-ended cavity with a heated horizontal upper plate and an unheated lower parallel plate. Its effect is the heating of the lower plate, which heats the adjacent fluid layer and could determine secondary motions. In this paper, an experimental study is carried out to describe the effect of high value of surface emissivity on air flow in an open-ended cavity. The investigation is performed by means of wall temperature profiles, smoke visualization, and air temperature measurements. Results are obtained for an emissivity of the horizontal plates equal to 0.8, for aspect ratios between 10.0 and 20.0. By means of flow visualization and local air temperature measurements in the cavity as a function of time, remarkable secondary motions in the cavity are observed for the highest considered surface heat flux ($Ra=8.91\xd7103$, $6.45\xd7104$, and $1.92\xd7105$). Measurement of the air temperature in the cavity also shows that radiation causes and damps secondary motions at the same time. Mean air temperature profiles as a function of the vertical coordinate, at different locations along the longitudinal axis, confirm both the main flow path inside the cavity and radiation effect on convective heat transfer. Finally, correlations for average Nusselt numbers and dimensionless maximum wall temperatures, in terms of Rayleigh number and channel aspect ratio, are proposed for natural convection with or without radiative heat transfer contribution for $2.26\xd7103\u2264Ra\u22641.92\xd7105$ and $10\u22642L/b\u226420$.

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Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica,

e-mail: oronzio.manca@unina2.it
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# Experimental Investigation of Radiation Effects on Natural Convection in Horizontal Channels Heated From Above

Oronzio Manca,

Oronzio Manca

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica,

e-mail: oronzio.manca@unina2.it
Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli

, Real Casa dell’Annunziata via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa Caserta (CE), Italy
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Sergio Nardini

Sergio Nardini

Dipartimento di Ingegneria Aerospaziale e Meccanica,

Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli

, Real Casa dell’Annunziata via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa Caserta (CE), Italy
Search for other works by this author on:

Oronzio Manca

Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli

, Real Casa dell’Annunziata via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa Caserta (CE), Italye-mail: oronzio.manca@unina2.it

Sergio Nardini

Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli

, Real Casa dell’Annunziata via Roma 29, 81031 Aversa Caserta (CE), Italy*J. Heat Transfer*. Jun 2009, 131(6): 062503 (10 pages)

**Published Online:**April 9, 2009

Article history

Received:

February 2, 2008

Revised:

October 4, 2008

Published:

April 9, 2009

Citation

Manca, O., and Nardini, S. (April 9, 2009). "Experimental Investigation of Radiation Effects on Natural Convection in Horizontal Channels Heated From Above." ASME. *J. Heat Transfer*. June 2009; 131(6): 062503. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3084212

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