Abstract

The reduction in pressure fluctuation can suppress noise, balance the radial and axial forces, and restrain the vibration level of a centrifugal pump. Impeller stagger and blade geometry influence the pressure fluctuation characteristics of double suction centrifugal pumps. In the present investigation, the pressure fluctuation characteristics of the baseline impeller, the staggered impeller, and the blade geometry modified impeller were investigated experimentally under design and off-design operating conditions. The frequency spectrum was analyzed by fast Fourier transform (FFT) and continuous wavelet transform (CWT) methods. The broadband frequencies are defined quantitatively and analyzed emphatically. The significant linear relationship between the center frequency of the broadband frequencies and the flowrate is discovered for the first time. The center frequency decreases as the flowrate increases. The linearity varies below and above the design flowrate. When the discrete frequencies are in range of the broadband frequencies, a high amplitude of pressure fluctuation occurs. This could explain the large peak-to-peak value of the pressure fluctuation at 1.24Qn, which may be due to the coincidence between broadband frequencies and the components at the frequencies fr and 2fr. Both the staggered impeller and the blade geometry modified impeller can reduce the level of pressure fluctuation; in particular, it is reduced to 35% and 13% compared to that of baseline impeller near the volute tongue region under the design flowrate, respectively. The staggered impeller and the blade geometry can obviously affect the decreasing slopes between the center frequencies and the flowrate.

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